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Books > Christian Books & Bibles > Churches & Church Leadership > Pastoral Resources > 0664255140
  1. The Gospel of Jesus: The Pastoral Relevance of the Synoptic Problem
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  2. The Gospel of Jesus: The Pastoral Relevance of the Synoptic Problem

    [0664255140]
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William Farmer has devoted much of his career to addressing the question of the relationship among the three Synoptic Gospels--Matthew, Mark, and Luke. In particular, Farmer has challenged the Two Source Hypothesis, which says that Mark is the earliest Gospel, and that Matthew and Luke used Mark and another document, called "Q," as the two primary sources for their own Gospels. Instead, Farmer argues that Matthew was the Earliest Gospel, that Luke used Matthew and other traditions known to him, and that Mark used both Matthew and Luke in compiling a shorter, more ecumenical account of Jesus' career. This competing theory is called the Two Gospel Hypothesis.

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Specifications

Country
USA
Author
William R. Farmer
Binding
Paperback
EAN
9780664255145
Edition
1st
ISBN
0664255140
Label
Westminster John Knox Press
Manufacturer
Westminster John Knox Press
NumberOfItems
1
NumberOfPages
256
PublicationDate
1994-05-01
Publisher
Westminster John Knox Press
ReleaseDate
1994-05-01
Studio
Westminster John Knox Press
Most Helpful Customer Reviews

At first glance the question of Mark and another yet undiscovered gospel providing the source material for the other gospels seems innocuous enough. For more than a century now this school of thought has dominated discussions of the so-called `synoptic gospel' question. In order to explain the correlations and differences between Matthew, Mark, and Luke, some have come to the conclusion that Mark was written first and Matthew and Luke copied the similar passages from Mark and the dissimilar passages from an earlier work referred to simply as Q - for the German word meaning source, Quelle. It seems a debate for experts that can be safely ignored by the average Christian. But such is not the case.

In the past, this debate has tended to occupy the expert theologians only and has not gained a lot of notice among the rest of us. However, as professor Farmer points out, the implications of this theory are far-reaching and force us into questions of a nature that rewrite core... Read more
Since the 19th century, no scholarly theory in the realm of biblical studies has been more accepted than the "two-source" hypothesis. This is the hypothesis that posits that the Gospels of Matthew and Luke used the Gospel of Mark and a conjectured documents dubbed "Q" (from the German word for source - "Quelle") as their sources for their Gospels.

The idea that the synoptic gospels are dependent upon one another in some way is no new theory. Since the time of Augustine, Bible scholars have been trying to explain the clear dependence they have upon one another. The author of the Gospel of Luke explicitly claims that he has used other sources to compile his Gospel (Luke 1:1-4). For the first 1800 years of church history, the most commonly-held belief was that Matthew was written first, then Luke (who used Matthew), and then Mark who used those two accounts to write his own Gospel (this theory was later called the "two-gospel hypothesis"). But there was very little interest in... Read more
Farmer stands like some knight errant in a tale of romance, attacking the vast multitudes of liberal scholars who insist that Mark must--must!--have been the first gospel.

Against this idea, Farmer argues in favor of Matthew being the first gospel, which was, after all, what all the ancients claimed. And as for Q it "is not only unnecessary, it is also intrinsically implausible" (p 29).

The Synoptic problem is the Gordian knot of biblical scholarship. And there is little evidence that, even after thousands and thousands of books on the subject, we are truly anywhere close to solving it. As Farmer states, "not all the textual evidence in the Gospels fits...exclusively " (p 35) ANY of the current theories. No kidding.

Against the idea that Mark, being the shortest, was the most primitive, stands a vast forest of problems. Among them: "If Mark was an abbreviator, why does he so often expand the text by Matthew" (p 129). It makes no sense... Read more
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