The Gospel of Luke was written, says its author, as an historical account of the ministry of Jesus. Not only would it serve as the basis for a sound faith on the part of professing Christians, but it would also claim a place for Christianity in history. Christ's ministry, as Luke shows, is realized prophecy; it is that time during which God's promise of salvation was fulfilled. His teachings, healing, and acts of compassion are all part of the good news. In Luke's Gospel, Christ's message of salvation is directed to the weak, poor, and needy, with an emphasis on the importance of self-denial and of whole-hearted discipleship. Thus, while Luke is the most conscious historian of the Gospel writers, his history is a vehicle of theological interpretation in which the significance of Jesus is expressed.
In this commentary I. Howard Marshall calls attention to the theological message of Luke the Evangelist. His primary purpose is to exegete the text as it was written by Luke, so that the distinctiveness of Luke's Gospel may be seen.
Basing his commentary on the third edition of The Greek New Testament, Dr. Marshall also refers to many variant readings which are significant in this study. He provides fairly full information on the meanings of the Greek words used by Luke and shows which words and constructions occur frequently and are therefore characteristic of his style. It is by this meticulous analysis of the Greek that Luke's theological intentions can be objectively determined.
I. Howard Marshall
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
I do not consider myself to be a Greek scholar, but there are times when you have to dig deeper into the Greek text and this commentary is a huge help in that regard. I appreciated the way the book gave a history of the language as well as the historical context of the culture. Since language and culture often progress at different paces, it was helpful to see both in the same book.
This book is based on the UBS Greek New Testament, edited by Kurt Aland.
I appreciated Marshall's emphasis that the theory that Luke drew his material from the Q documents was improbable. I also appreciated his references to materials that were found with the Dead Sea scrolls.
This is not a book for casual readers, but important for those who want to dig deeper.
This commentary provides a thorough analysis of the Greek text of the Gospel of Luke and is geared toward the serious reader of the New Testament who wants to understand the nuances and complexity of the Greek. Enormously learned, detailed in its textual, literary, redaction and tradition criticism, Marshall displays his customary grasp of the full range of contemporary scholarship and does excellent work in putting forth the various positions held by numerous scholars; but he nevertheless is pointedly dismissive of twentieth century liberal criticism. The vast majority of his insights prove reliable, helpful, and incisive, however, in a thoroughly conventional vein. These features, together with the orderly manner in which the material is presented, render the book a valuable contribution for the understanding of the Gospel of Luke. Furthermore, if you want to find consistently conservative views on the authorship, dating and textual integrity, then this is the place to go.
Although this "book" represents great erudition on the author's part, is therefore full of valuable information, and thus cannot be avoided by anyone who wants to study the Greek text, it remains irritating nonetheless. It reads like a series of notes taken as the author reads the text, compiled and shelved for future reference or for some future book that the author may have had in mind but was yet to write. It is often therefore tedious to read, and, apart from the sequential presentation, it is simply a catalog of comments. It is also dated. Perhaps some of its limitations owe to the fact that it was the first in this series to be written, so that helpful conventions for the presentation of the subject matter in this context had not yet been established; R. T. France on Mark provides a much better model. But the author is also obsessed with issues of the day that now seem stale. Sentence after sentence lists theory after theory and interpretation after interpretation that appear to...
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